Welcome to another comprehensive comparison between Web Development vs Computer Science!
This article details the difference in academic background, experience/job description, salary, and future outlook.
After reading this guide, you will have all the information you need to start a career in the technological world.
This article details the difference in the following:
Overview of Web Development vs Computer Science
As technology restructures companies, governments, and peoples’ lives, more students are inching closer toward career choices in Programming, Computer Science, and Application Development.
According to the latest data held at the National Center for Education Statistics, the number of computer and information sciences degrees increased by more than 50 percent between 2012 and 2017.
However, the numerous career opportunities currently offered in technology could make it extremely difficult to narrow down work opportunities after graduation.
Given that almost all computer programming jobs have some correlation, it’s critical to understand the differences and similarities between tech occupations to make a correct career choice.
The contrast between Web Developers and Computer Scientists is hugely challenging for many students.
Although those with a strong interest in any of these career paths frequently undertake related degrees, such as a Bachelor of Science in Information Systems, the knowledge, and experience they develop throughout their studies varies.
Both positions entail working with various programming languages, writing codes, and designing client-side applications but the undertakings they perform are typically unique.
The practice of Computer Scientists and Web Developers recurrently overlaps, but the two disciplines vary considerably.
To a layperson, they sound close to synonyms.
In reality, these two job titles relate to different skills, work environments, and end products.
Computer Scientists have a solid technical background, whereas Web Developers focus on web-based systems.
A Computer Scientist is a person who studies and evaluates how computers store and use data.
They can sometimes collaborate with Computer Engineers to generate new computers, or they could focus on fields such as Computer Programming.
They can work in various roles within the information and technology industry.
Typical areas of specialization include Software Engineering, Theoretical Computer Science, Computer Systems, Computer Applications, etc.
Computer Scientists gather information, conduct trials, and put their knowledge into building new computer systems.
Often, they work for research organizations, universities, or private businesses.
Web Development is the process of creating and maintaining websites.
It covers various topics such as web design, web programming, and database management.
Web Development entails the activities behind the scenes to render a website look good, work quickly, and provide a pleasant experience for users.
Web Developer creates and maintains websites and other web-related tools.
Web Developers are responsible for drafting the code that allows web pages and mobile apps to operate effectively.
Web Developers are classified into two types; Front-End and Back-End.
Front-End Web Developers create a code that generates the user interface.
Back-End Developers are experts in the code architecture that transports data and information to the front-end.
Depending on the position, you might need graphic design familiarity to pursue Front-End Development or Database Management expertise if you want to undertake Back-End Development.
Web Developers are responsible for everything from constructing wireframe early prototypes for new web applications to managing existing websites.
It’s essential to comprehend how internet platforms are hosted, how users interact with various navigation structures, and how compelling content could improve users’ customer experience.
Attention to detail, content management, and inventiveness are essential skills for Web Developers.
Promotion and IT-related companies are the most widespread employers of Web Developers.
Web Developers work part-time or full-time and are frequently Freelancers.
On a typical day, they may work on several projects, such as creating layouts or schematic design, writing code, and assimilating back-end data from multiple sources.
Often, these Computer Science jobs require at least a Bachelor’s degree with an in-depth understanding of:
- Computer science
- Electronic Engineering
- Information and Computer Science
- Software Engineering
Computer Scientists may require specialized training in specific fields of study.
Those who work with Healthcare Computers or Biotechnology, for instance, may require a specific total of biology credits.
It can help them understand technical writing, research vocabulary, and conceptual frameworks.
Some Computer Scientists decide to further their academic achievement and obtain advanced degrees.
Certain positions necessitate a Master’s degree in Computer Science or a related field.
Such advanced programs typically take two to three years to achieve, though part-time alternatives exist where a student works and attends school simultaneously.
Computer Scientists may also pursue a Doctorate in Computer Science.
This could be their gateway to landing jobs in higher education or highly specialized research.
Bootcamps are frequently promoted as a university substitute, but they can be a mixed bag for software beginners.
Accomplishing a Bootcamp can improve one’s skills, but it cannot replace the technical expertise required by degree programs and actual work experience.
A Web Developer’s education is often the first step for aspiring web professionals.
Professionals desiring lucrative careers must opt to undertake associate or Bachelor’s degrees in Web Development, Computer Science, Information Technology, or a related field rather than certificate programs or online courses in Web Development.
Lectures in coding languages such as Php or Java are included in an associate or Bachelor’s degree in these disciplines, hence preparing students to complete certification exams in these languages.
Other courses vary depending on the training course, concentration, and major, but common topics covered include business system analysis, network management, and web design.
A capstone project that synchronizes students’ accumulated knowledge through the conception of a database, computer program, web application, or related project is typically included in Web Developer Bachelor’s Programs.
This project is included in a portfolio that students can show prospective employers.
Good Web Developer Schools also encourage internships at sites related to the student’s preferred focus or industry.
Because the entry level for becoming a Web Developer is lower, Coding Bootcamp can provide you with the necessary programming skills.
After just one Bootcamp, you could be job-ready.
Up with the dynamic nature of technology, Web Developer Career opportunities typically necessitate continuous learning.
Several jobs require certification in particular programming languages, web applications, and roles, which are not required for entry-level or freelance positions.
Standard certifications for Web Developers include Java Foundations Certified Junior Associate, Microsoft Certified Solutions Developer, Java SE8 Programmer, etc.
Work and Job Description
Web Developers are in charge of a website or web application’s appearance and functionality.
This includes the graphical interface, website configuration, back-end data collection systems, etc.
They collaborate with organizational leaders to create unique and interactive websites for organizations, nonprofits, government agencies, and everyone seeking to communicate effectively online.
Web Developers are also accountable for the performance of the websites and applications they build, ensuring that users have a strong and consistent user experience.
According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, the typical Web Developer job duties include:
- Working with clients and business leaders to develop new web design projects
- Web application and website feature development and testing
- Integrating content such as written copy, graphics, audio, and videos into websites
- Instituting technical information needed to support the long-term functionality of websites
- Creating security measures to safeguard user information and business assets
- Monitoring the traffic and functionality of the website
A deeper exploration reveals that the Web Development profession is divided into three specialty fields premised on a person’s specific skill sets and career goals; Back-End Developers, Front-End Developers, and Full-Stack Developers.
All of these web design jobs have their own set of requirements and responsibilities.
Back-End Web Developers
- These experts concentrate on web pages’ technicalities that provide basic and advanced features and functions
- They primarily work on administrative constituents such as website architecture, application logic, and databases
- They also develop new APIs and user interfaces based on predefined guidelines
- In general, this Developer category is interested in the fundamentals of how web pages and web-based applications operate
Front-End Web Developers or Client-Side Developers
- These Designers are responsible for how websites and applications appear and function to users
- They are in charge of creating all web content simple to access, navigate, and engage with, particularly for individuals with limited computer literacy
- To avoid display and functionality inconsistencies, Front-End Web Developers must confirm that their websites are compatible with various operating systems, browsers, and devices
Full-Stack Web Developers
- These web design experts can handle front-end and back-end projects
- As a result, they can fill consultation and technical positions requiring computer science and business acumen
Whatever web design roles you’re interested in, a Bachelor’s degree in information systems or computer science can help you build the understanding, skill sets, and expertise you’ll need to get started.
However, understanding which unique skill sets are in high demand is also crucial, as it will appraise your graduate studies and render you more viable once you join the workforce.
Computer Scientists create, maintain, and improve computer programs for use on desktop computers, laptop computers, smartphones, and other portable devices.
These computer science specialists write complex code that controls computer software products’ functions.
They use various programming languages such as Python, Java, C#, and SQL.
Many Software Developers work for large tech companies like Microsoft and Oracle, creating new products or improving existing ones.
This includes fixing code bugs, revamping user interfaces, developing new in-app instruments, and a variety of other tasks.
According to the BLS, Computer Scientists are responsible for some or all of the following tasks:
- Analyzing user needs and developing software-based solutions
- Recommending software upgrades for existing computer programs and systems
- Creating new applications tailored to specific audiences
- Creating complex models and visualizations that illustrate which software code is required
- Detailing all facets of application software and system layout for reference purposes
- Testing code for new apps to verify accuracy and consistency
- Assuring that software is compatible with existing data management systems
- Creating models or hypotheses to solve computer problems
- Undertaking research experiments to put new theories to the test
- Creating new software to improve computer systems or programs
- Improving the efficiency and speed of computer systems and hardware
- Introducing theories and studies to the scientific community through publications, blog posts, and conferences
- Educating and mentoring other professionals in the field
- Developing new technology in collaboration with Computer Engineers and Software Developers
From the initial planning to the final rollout of new computer programs, Software Developers are heavily involved in all stages of the software construction process.
However, similar to Web Developers, Practitioners in this field are frequently classified into two categories depending on their specialties; Software Applications Developers and Software Systems Developers.
Software Applications Developers
- According to the National Center for O*NET Development (NCOD), these professionals typically concentrate on customizing desktop and mobile applications, tools, and games for consumer audiences
- They work primarily on the very same project for several years and are in charge of making sure their application is usable, engaging, and convenient
Software Systems Developers
- According to the NCOD, Programmers in this position are primarily concerned with designing software systems for corporate customers rather than the general public
- They apply their extensive programming skills to produce computing applications for various industries, including production, aerospace, and others
- They create software that manages company networking apps, database management systems, and other critical infrastructure
Each Computer Scientist’s role has its responsibilities; some companies depend on Software Developers to compose code, while others delegate this routine work to solely devoted Programmers.
Finally, the job openings that students apply for should reflect their interests and the hard skills they learned throughout their undergraduate education.
If you want a more hands-on responsibility, try to take precedence opportunities that list coding as a requirement.
Aside from exciting job growth, Software Developers earn more on average than Practitioners in other IT-related disciplines.
In May 2018, the BLS reported that the median annual salary for general Software Developers was $103,000.
The lowest 10% earned below $61,000 per year, while the highest 10% earned more than $161,000.
Software Publishers, manufacturing companies, and financial institutions have the highest median pay.
Web Developers are typically compensated based on their level of education, practical expertise, and job experience.
According to the BLS, the median annual salary for Web Developers was $69,000 in May 2018, with the top 10% earning more than $124,000.
Base salaries for entry-level positions are typically approximately $37,000, although a few companies offer more competitive rates than others.
Career and Future Outlook
Software Developer job growth prospects are more optimistic than those for Web Development roles.
The BLS predicts that the job growth of general Software Developers will grow by 21% between 2018 and 2028.
However, this job growth is primarily driven by the growing market for Software Application Developers; the BLS predicts that job growth for this specialty career path will grow by 26%, particularly in comparison to only 10% for Systems Developers.
As a result, it’s critical to carefully evaluate your post-graduation career trajectory and enroll in programs that can help you achieve your long-term goals.
Training is fundamental in the Software Development industry, and most Hiring Managers will look for applicants with Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in information technology, computer science, or software engineering.
Demand for skillful Web Developers is increasing as more businesses look to add in-house IT teams capable of managing website operational processes from start to finish.
Web Developer employment is expected to grow by 13% between 2018 and 2028, far faster than average for all professions, according to the BLS.
One reason behind the increase in employment is that e-commerce has become more popular, providing new opportunities for enterprises to prosper.
According to Shopify, a Canada-based e-commerce platform, digital shopping generated approximately $3.5 trillion in sales in 2019, which is expected to rise to $4.9 trillion by 2021.
Even businesses that do not distribute goods or services explicitly through digital platforms seek to strengthen their internet presence.
A workable website could help steer new sales opportunities, nurture customer loyalty, and lure a wider clientele.
Similarities Between the Two Careers
Web Development and Computer Science are rapidly growing fields with a lot of overlap.
Strong Technical Skills
Both Web Development and Computer Science are technical disciplines that require strong analytical and programming skills.
In both fields, Practitioners use their skills to solve problems and build systems.
To be successful, Developers and Software Developers need to be well-versed in coding languages and understand how computer systems work.
Analytical Thinking and Problem-Solving are a Must
Both Web Development and Computer Science require the ability to think creatively and solve complex problems.
Strong problem-solving skills are essential for Developers and Data Scientists who want to succeed in their respective fields.
Both Fields Need Professionals Who Can Write Codes
Professionals need to have a deep understanding of how computer systems work and are able to design and implement complex algorithms.
Both Web Development and Computer Science are computer-based occupations that require individuals who can write code.
Which is the Better Career, Web Development vs Computer Science?
Suppose you want to learn programming as a stepping stone to a higher position.
In that case, you should understand that while both Software and Web Development rely on code, the mechanisms of acquiring the techniques associated with each could be quite different.
Recognizing the distinction can be difficult at first.
Still, one significant difference is that becoming a Computer Scientist usually necessitates some exhaustive schooling.
Often these professionals must have a Bachelor’s degree.
During this period, they will gain knowledge in programming code and computer fundamental concepts, architecture, and data structure.
If you aspire to become a Web Developer, you will most likely complete a software externship or volunteer development work before companies consider hiring you full-time.
Web Development is much easier to learn than Computer Science.
The fact is that you can work as a Developer or as a Software Engineer without a degree.
Coding Bootcamps are less costly and more time-efficient approaches to certification.
Furthermore, Website Developers earn comparable salaries because their job is in demand.
As a result, finding work as a Web Developer is unquestionably easier.
They could also work from a remote location, which might be their home.
After taking an online coding course or a coding Bootcamp, you could become a Web Engineer.
Software Developers are highly educated because they understand Computer Science.
They can find work in large corporations or government agencies.
Even though Web Development and Computer Science have some things in common, the two professions appeal to various interests and skills.
When choosing your career path, keep these distinctions in mind.
The typical requirements for Computer Scientists include a mathematical aptitude, logical reasoning, and an interest in computer science.
Even entry-level positions require knowledge of programming languages.
As opposed to Software Engineers, Web Developers do not require a solid technical foundation or a high level of education.
These professionals successfully combine computer literacy, fundamental programming abilities, design principles, and user experience ideas.
As you venture into the real world, it is our hope that the information in this article will serve you well in choosing the best career.
All the best!