Web development is one of the most popular sectors nowadays, and it seems like everyone wants to master the fundamentals of it so they can engage in any web development career.
Even though it offers many web dev professions, there are some basics like HTML and CSS you should learn how to use, whichever type of career you decide to get into.
If you want to learn what is the basics of the programming languages you need to know, then you should stay with us and find out:
- about the history of these programs
- bets books and courses about them
- their functions
- the way to create original web pages
Learn The History of These Programs
If you want to master HTML & CSS and learn how to make anything in them, you will first need to find out how they started and their primary goals.
These programs are not too complicated, especially for those who already know the basics of web development, but you will need to spend some time exploring them if you want to create good websites.
HTML and CSS appeared long ago before most people even had a computer in their community, and they were constructed by Tim Berners Lee and Robert Caillaiu in 1989.
HTML is short for Hypertext markup language, and it is a document that allows people to jump from one place on the website to another with just a few clicks.
The newest version of HTML is HTML 5, and it is used on most websites you will come across these days.
The Markup in HTML shows you how the computers speak to each other to control how the text will be presented on the web page.
All of the functions are already written in HTML, and all you need to do to active HTML tags is enter the right codes for them.
On the other hand, CSS is a language that will describe the presentation of a web page, which means it includes fonts, colors, layouts, and designs.
It is independent of HTML, and you can use it with any markup language so that it can be combined in different ways.
If you want to make sure you will be able to use CSS and HTML the right way, you should see how they prospered throughout history and make sure you know what all of those functions are for.
Go Through Books And Courses
Even though most people believe that there is no way you can learn HTML code or CSS programming through books, the truth is there are plenty of amazing books out there specializing in these two topics, and they can be even more helpful.
There are tons of books on these topics, and we have gathered some of the best resources that can help you immensely while trying to learn these two programs.
HTML & CSS: Design and Build Websites
Jon Duckett created this amazing book that explores all functions of HTML and CSS, and it is a written HTML course that will help you learn all the basics.
It is well designed, and it provides you with a step by step guide to all the functions and HTML elements that are crucial to know, so it is the perfect tutorial for all of you who learn better in pictures and well-explained steps.
Even though it was released years ago, it covers all the basics of HTML and cascading style sheets and it will become your favorite cheat sheet for these programs.
This is a classroom textbook, and it is divided into lessons, which means you should be able to follow the explanations easily.
All of the lessons are sorted from the most basic to the hardest ones, and you will be able to build your own website by following the steps recommended here.
It will also teach you a lot about responsive web design, and it is one of the best way to learn HTML and CSS, so I would strongly recommend it to all beginners out there.
However, even though there are plenty of books that can help you learn CSS and HTML, there are far more online courses that are probably a better option.
If you want to master HTML and CSS, you can always try out some of these courses that will provide you with a how-to guide to create your first website and explore everything these programs have to offer.
Free Code Camp
Free Code Camp is one of the platforms that offer free courses on HTML and CSS and has plenty of courses on all the parts and functions of these programs.
You will be able to watch videos where you will explain the HTML and CSS basics, but at the end of every lesson, you will also be required to complete some tasks.
By completing these tasks through the course, you are proving that you have learned something, and at the end of the whole course, you will get a certificate where you will see how good your knowledge in these programs is.
The platform is free, and it has plenty of excellent quizzes that will help you test out your knowledge, so try it out.
Frontend Masters is basically an online boot camp for future coders that has 21 hours of amazing videos and knowledge.
It is aimed at those who want to become a front-end web developer, but it is also an excellent option for those who are just starting in this sector and don’t know too much about HTML or CSS.
Some of the lessons are free, but if you want to become a professional in this field and learn all the tips and tricks to web development, you can purchase some more advanced courses and improve your skills.
You will also be able to interact with other users of the platform which is an excellent thing for exchanging knowledge and some outlines of the courses you are attending.
Khan Academy is one of the most popular online learning platforms, and it offers hundreds of courses on HTML and CSS.
You can choose the best course for yourself based on your level of knowledge or do the test which will tell you what the skills you need to learn to become good at these programs are.
There are plenty of courses both for beginners and for those who have advanced knowledge of HTML and CSS, so you should be able to find all you need within just a few clicks.
You will also come across live lessons where you will be able to interact with your teacher and code in real time, so it is an excellent option for those of you who need guidance in the code editor.
Dont Fear The Internet
Dont Fear The Internet is a course consisting of 8 lessons that have the goal of showing you how to deal with HTML and CSS and cover all essential elements of these programs.
It will help you master the Hypertext markup language, and it shows all the ways you can manipulate HTML and CSS to your advantage.
Even though it is pretty basic, it has plenty of valuable knowledge for beginners, and it is entirely free, so you should give it a try.
Codecademy is a very popular platform for online learning, and it has hundreds of courses on HTML and CSS, starting from beginner ones to the more advanced courses that cover all aspects of these platforms.
You can choose to enroll in a specific CSS course or HTML course or learn both of these programs at once, so the choice is up to you.
It will allow you to create responsive websites and learn everything about HTML syntax, so if you are consistent and complete all the courses thoroughly, you will gain fantastic knowledge.
Udemy is also a great platform, and you will find plenty of professionals in this field offering their specialized courses.
It is a website you will need to pay for, but the monthly membership is worth it because you will be able to experiment with different courses and enroll in other activities simultaneously.
As you can see, these are some of the best CSS courses and HTML resources, and if you want to have guaranteed success in this field, you should use some of these platforms and books to your advantage.
Explore Their Functions
If you want to use HTML and CSS the right way and create great things with them, you will need to learn about their functions and features.
There are plenty of excellent options, and when you decide how to learn CSS and HTML, exploring all of their functions should be your first priority.
HTML tags and attributes are some of the most important functions of HTML, and they always work together, but they also have entirely different parts.
The tags on HTML are used to mark up the start of an HTML element that will be shown in angle brackets like <h1>, and you should make sure you close and open them when needed to get the function you need.
On the other hand, HTML attributes are features that contain additional information and are placed inside of the tag.
This is how you will write an attribute <img src=”myhouse.jpg” alt=”A photo of my house.”> the right way, and the picture will show up properly on your web page.
Ensure there is always spacing between img src; otherwise, your photo probably won’t load on the website.
Most of the tags need some additional information and need to be opened to work correctly, and when you have several tags, you will need to write them down the way you want them to appear when you open the website.
These are the most important functions, and the best CSS tutorial or HTML tutorial will always provide you with a step by step guide on how to handle them, so pay attention to that part, even though it isn’t the most interesting one.
Learn How To Use HTML Editor
When looking where to learn HTML online, it can be pretty hard to find a valuable course that actually covers all parts of HTML, including the HTML editor.
HTML editor is the most important part of HTML, and it is the crucial program for building your own website.
Every HTML editor needs to be updated to the latest version if you want to have access to all the features that will allow you to create a great website.
Some of the best tools are Sublime Text 3, Komodo Edit, and notepad++, which will allow you to manipulate the website however you want.
Sublime Text 3 is the best option for beginners because it allows you to customize the webpage easily and always provides you with a preview of the text before you apply the settings.
This tool can also work on multiple platforms like Windows, Linux, or Mac, and it is entirely free of charge.
There are plenty of great color schemes you can choose from, but unfortunately, it doesn’t allow you to code, and it can’t print documents, so it’s not the best choice for professionals.
Notepad++ is one of the most popular choices of all HTML users, and it has fantastic plugin options that will provide you with plenty of functionalities.
The interface will keep all the distractions away from you, and there is auto-completion software that will make anything come true automatically.
Unfortunately, it is not available to Mac users, and it can be pretty complicated for beginners, so if you are just getting an intro to the world of HTML, you should try Sublime Text first.
Komodo Edit is also an excellent tool that has language support in a dozen of different languages and has hundreds of extensions.
Its interface is quite easy to understand, and even if you don’t have too much experience with tools like this, you will realize how things work.
Komodo is available to Mac, Microsoft, and Linux users, but its visual settings can be pretty challenging, so it is not the most accessible tool to use.
As you can see, there are some amazing HTML tools that will help you learn the semantic of the program, create websites, add headers and layouts and realize how things work.
Create Your Own Web Pages
The key to learn HTML CSS is in practice, and as long as you are just looking for ways to start learning CSS online or those simple HTML tutorials, you won’t gain too much knowledge.
Experimenting with HTML and CSS is free, and whether you have a Chrome or Mozilla browser, you will be able to open the HTML and start creating your own website.
You will need to try a hundred times before you realize how HTML coding works, what selectors you need to add, how you can paste the text into the text editor, and how those HTML tables can start working to your advantage.
Handling these programs is not easy, but it is not impossible, and as long as you are trying to improve yourself every day, you will learn new things.
The key to becoming a master of HTML and CSS is taking the time to explore everything they have to offer, trying out all the features and functions, and then settling on those that seem to work the best for you.
You can try creating it while guided by online courses or HTML and CSS books, or you can rely on websites like www.cssfromscratch.com where you will see things explained.
Repeat these processes a few times, see how things work, what are the codes that will lead to animations, and save those functions you want to use in the future.
Learning HTML and CSS is not hard at all as long as you spend enough time dedicated to it, so you don’t have to worry about not being a tech genius because, with a little bit of practice, you will easily solve all of the problems and create amazing web pages.
Go To A Boot Camp
If you are eager to become a back-end or front-end developer and you want to make sure you will get the best knowledge, then the best way to learn CSS and HTML is to enrol in a boot camp for coding.
Some people are just not able to learn too much on their own, so they decide to join boot camps in their environment, which can be a great choice because they will lead to a lot of networking.
There are hundreds of coding boot camps across the country, and depending on the type of skills and level of skills you want to achieve, you can find the best option around you.
Since Covid hit, you can also come across a large number of online boot camps, and you can enroll in those camps where you will start by learning the basics like HTML and CSS and then become an expert in Python, Java, and similar programming languages.
If you are sure you want to have a career in web development, then boot camps are probably the best option for you, and they will pay off in the future.
What Will I Be Able To Build?
Learning HTML and CSS is crucial for starting a career in web development, but if you stick with knowledge only of these programs, you will be able to build some more simple things and do less demanding jobs in web development.
Becoming an expert in HTML is crucial if you want to build webpages, handle API and become a master at web design, so you will be able to build great websites, add photos, animations, drop-down menus, and plenty more things to them.
You will be able to change the color of the letters or change the picture in the layout quickly and completely renew the website’s look.
Even though plenty of people think this is not demanding, people who work with HTML and website building have a lot of work and responsibility because they usually work for different brands, companies, and platforms, trying to build the best solution for them.
You may not be able to create the most professional website with HTML and CSS, but you will need to use them ideally if you want to become a good web developer and advance in your career.
How do I start learning HTML and CSS?
Just like all other web development skills, you can choose whether you want to start learning it all by yourself, enroll in a university, or just get into simple courses that can make things easier.
As long as you are able to gain access to best CSS resources and HTML books, you will be able to learn everything you need to know on your own, so don’t stress too much about not having a degree in this field.
How long does it take to learn HTML and CSS?
How long it will take you to complete HTML and CSS training and learn these two programs to the fullest depends mainly on your skills and previous knowledge in web development.
If you have already worked with these programs and you have done some online courses or read books about them, then you will be able to learn everything within a few months, but if you seem to be struggling with these things, then you may need up to a year to learn everything.
Are CSS and HTML easy to learn?
They are the best option for beginners in web development and if you want to learn how to build websites and create some regular content, then they will be the easiest programs to learn, even if you had little to no experience with it.